Applications of Photography

Photography is the practice of taking images by recording light and other types of electromagnetic radiation, either electronically using an image sensor or chemically by using light-sensitive material like photographic film. There are many different applications of photography used within the industry. Some of the ones that I am going to be discussing are: photojournalism, fashion, medical, documentary and newspapers.

Photojournalism: Photojournalism is a form of journalism that shows images taken to tell a certain news story.  It is usually known for just still images but can also be referred to as video footage that is shown during broadcast journalism. The reason that photojournalism is different to other types of photography, such as documentary or street photography, is because it is meant to be both honest and impartial, whilst telling the story in journalistic terms. A photojournalist takes pictures that will be featured in the news and be seen in communities everywhere. Their job requires them to be well informed about current events in the world and to deliver news in a creative format. An advantage of photojournalism would be that the images taken are distributed into the news, so that they’re raising awareness of current situations are going on in the world. A disadvantage would be that some of the images can be focused on very sensitive subjects that could cause people distress. Also, the photographer might have to travel long distances to get the perfect images.

James Nachtwey is an American photojournalist and war photographer. He has won many awards including The Oversees Press Club’s Robert Capa Gold Medal five times and two world press photo awards.

Fashion: Fashion photography is used to display clothing and fashion accessories in things such as fashion magazines, like Vogue or Elle, and advertisements. Fashion photography has been around since photography first started. In 1856, Adolphe Braun made a book containing 288 photos of Virginia Oldoini, a Tuscan woman at the court of Napoleon the third. These photos show her in her official court garb, which actually made her the first fashion model.

The advantages of fashion photography are that the images are extremely interesting to look at, as well as being creative and very different to a lot of photography work out there. A negative of fashion photography however, is that it is a very competitive industry because there are so many people who want these jobs, but there is so little opportunity because there are already many professionals doing this. Another disadvantage is that it can be a very hard industry/career to get into because it’s extremely competitive.

There are many famous fashion photographers in the industry, but I believe that some of the most influential are; Juergen Teller, David LaChapelle, and Karl Lagerfeld. These photographers work has influenced the work of many people and their images will be iconic forever.

Medical: Medical photography is a specialised area of photography that is used to document clinical procedures. They require a lot of skill and practice so that no information is interpreted the wrong way. They will often use these photographs in research and training, and the job requires a lot of patience. Medical photographs document patients throughout various stages of illness, injuries and also before and after surgeries.

A lot of medical photographers will have degrees in photography either from college or university and a lot of the time, will also have a degree in the sciences. A medical photographer must have a very thorough understanding of both the photographic and optical principals. It is also required that they have strong knowledge of digital imaging software as they must edit, upload and output the images they’ve taken, whilst keeping colour and scale balance the same. Advantages of medical photography are that the evidence is used to teach people, so it’s extremely useful. Some disadvantages of medical photography are that it’s a very competitive industry so it’s quite hard to get into it. The photographer also needs to know hoe to use a computer to a very high standard and also needs to know how to use a camera very efficiently as they need to make sure that the photographs and videos are taken to the highest quality.

Documentary: Documentary photography is an extremely popular form of photography that is used to cover both important events or environments, but also events that take place in everyday life. Documentary photography is usually featured in newspapers and professional photojournalism, as well as being extremely popular in academic or artistic forms.  Documentary photography provides real and interesting representations of people, places, objects and events. many of these shots will be used in news reports.

Some of the most famous and influential documentary photographers include Henri Cartier-Bresson, Dorothea Lange and Pieter Hugo. Advantages of documentary photography are that people can pursue it as a hobby and it’s a very helpful way of looking into different events from a more personal perspective. A disadvantage of documentary photography would be that someone could go too far and get involved in someone’s personal business, and they wouldn’t be happy about that at all.

Newspaper:  Newspaper, or press photography capture snaps of live events using advanced cameras. A newspaper photographer is able to capture the atmosphere and feelings of whats going on at an event for newspapers, magazines or journals.

Some of the more well-known press photographers include Robert Capa, David Burnett and John Stanmeyer. A disadvantage of press photography is that you have to have a lot of patience. you must also be highly organised and be able to work alone for long periods of time which some people are not able to do. An advantage of press photography however, is that you need to be somewhat creative and quick which a lot of people are.

Written Evaluation

I am quite pleased with the outcome of my final images, considering that I changed my theme last minute. I think that my target audience would be people, mainly between the ages of 17-27, who feel very strongly about the current state of UK politics, due to the graffiti that I saw and captured on film. I believe that these people would be working class, left-wing supporters who believe that the government is in a state. They would be both male and female and the audience would heavily be filled with students. I really didn’t manage my time for this project that well, as I changed my theme last minute which delayed my whole project. This also meant that because I took my pictures on film, instead of digitally, that I was delayed in getting them back, as I sent them off to get developed. The whole meaning of my project is to represent politics/ also mixed with industrial/street themes. I wanted to include the pictures I took that said “The only cuts we need are the tories on the guilotine” and “cut war not welfare” alongside pictures of the council flats to show how damaged our country is becoming, by all of the cuts made by the government. I also took a shot that stated to “choose the tories on June 8th for 5 more years of tor(y)ment”. I feel like this is a really powerful image as the sky was gray that day, and the fact that the graffiti artist turned the word “tory” into “tor(y)ment really makes me feel like the message that they were trying to send out to people was almost them trying to beg people to vote for anyone apart from the tories, to keep them out of parliament. I also tried to include some pattern into some of my images, which is why I included the one of the barbed wire, and the shots of the towers of flats, as the windows create a pattern in both of these shots. I also feel like the barbed wire shot is really important to this project, because it is actually a sign of oppression; prolonged cruel or unjust treatment of exercise of authority, and this is clearly how many, many people, myself included feel that this is how the government are treating their country.  Another meaning for oppression is ‘mental pressure or distress’ and because of all of the government cuts to things such as mental health services and school cuts, I believe that this image is extremely significant to my project. Although many people may not understand it, I believe that one they read into it, it will make a lot more sense to them.The whole production process dragged out quite a bit for me because as I have previously stated, I changed my theme last minute. But once I settled on my theme, and took my images it was quite easy. The process was actually very fun and interesting, as to find the graffiti, I had to walk all around Totnes, to several different locations because the artist had written the statements in different places.  Post Production was an extremely process for me, as I didn’t have any time to edit my images in photoshop like I wanted to. This was because I got my film sent back later than expected, and I completely ran out of time to edit them like I wanted to.  I think that my final images turned out better than I had expected. However, I feel they could’ve been improved if I had the time to edit them. I was going to take images of different topics ; homelessness/cuts against school funding march etc, and use displacement mapping to make the images look more interesting. I showed my final images to my classmates, and explained the concept and they said that they thought it was really interesting that I’d linked these images with politics the way that I had i.e the barbed wire image to represent oppression so I am really pleased that they understood the concept and overall I am pleased with how the final images turned out.

Online Sketchbook

Practice Shots: Had I not left this assignement so late, my practice shots would’ve had one theme and would be slightly more organised. However I believe the main theme from these images falls under the ‘street’ ategory, which is the theme my final images fall under anyway.

Darkroom Prints: 

These are some prints that I have made in the darkroom. The ones of the car were shot my me and developed by me in the darkroom. The second print of the car went blurry because I moved the lense as it was printing, but it’s just an example image. The rest of the prints are photograms that I made using resources that I had collected from around college.

Equiptment Considerations: When shooting my final images, I will need several pieces of equiptment to ensure that I get imagees that I am happy with. These include:

  • a tripod: incase i cannot capture a good image due to shaky hands, I will be using a tripod to ensure that my camera is still and I get some good images
  • SD Cards: So I am able to take pictures
  • Spare battery: I used a film camera for my final project, however I had a spare battery just incase mine ran out

Camera Techniques: 

Shallow Depth of Field: is when the aperture is  large, meaning that the areas infront of and behind the focal point of the image is very slim. This would mean that whatever is in front ofand behind the car for example, would be out of focus.

shallow depth of field

Slow Shutter Speed: slow shutter speed is the length of time when the film or sensor inside a camera is exposed to light, when the camera’s shutter is open taking a photograph. The amount of light that reaches the image sensor or film is proportional to the exposure time

merry-go-round-night-motion-blur

 

Photography Portfolio

Final Images:

Creative Thinking: I was originally going to take portraits of people for my final project, to show how they identify and express themselves. However, I came across this graffiti in Totnes and decided that I wanted to change my theme to street/social documentary/ political. The graffiti was done in Totnes overnight before the 2017 General Election and I felt like I would be able to talk about it quite a lot, which is why I decided tot ake these images.

Genre: I believe that my phots come into three catergories which are; social documentary, street and political. I really feel as if these themes fit very well together and allow me to be quite creative whilst still portraying peoples messages and feelings about the current state of politics.

Research: Although my work isn’t really inspired by him, I did quite a lot of research on Henri Cartier-Bresson. I really loved looking at all of his different street photography images and the events and people that he captured in each of his shots. Below are a efw examples of some of my favourite shots:

I also really enjoyed looking at Garry Winogrand’s work, particularly his street photography. I really feel like he captured some beautiful images of important moments. I also really love how he captured a wide range of different people, and although I did not take shots of people, I feel like I really want to take some photos like his in the future.

With my images of the buildings, I was actually influenced by Shane Meadows, the director of This is England. Throughout both his Film This is England and the TV series This is England 86-90, Shane includes many similar shots of the outside of council flats/ buildings.

Untitled

 

Location and Shooting Schedule:

Location: Totnes Town Centre/Plymouth

Shooting Schedule:

Date: 10th May 2017 Time: 5:30pm

I went to Totnes on Wednesday May 10th at 5:30pm, after college to take some of my photographs. The ones that I shot in Totnes were of the political graffiti. I felt like the person who had done this was really wanting to get a message across, and I really enjoyed finding the graffiti and taking pictures of it.

Date: Saturday 13th May 2017  Time: 12:30pm

On the Saturday of that week, I took the final images for my project. I went into the outskirts of Plymouth City Centre and took some shots of the council flats. I felt like these would add a slightly interesting element to my project because all of the patters and symmetry(windows etc) and make it slightly more interesting.

Equiptment Considerations: 

I did not require a booking form for any equiptment, as I used my personal film camera, purchased the film myself and didn’t require as SD card.

Health and Safety: 

There are several risks that I need to take into consideration whilst conducting my project to ensure that I stay as safe as possible. I think that the most important one is to be careful when crosing roads to get to all the things that I want to take pictures of. Another would be to make sure that I do not step on any dangerous objects such as broekn glass, as I will be going into alleyways and slightly rougher places so I must make sure that I take extra care when visiting my locations.

As I took my images on film, I actually ran out of time to edit them the way that I wanted to, as I recieved my prints back later than I had expected.

Interview Planning

planning:

Date: 13/05/2017

Time: 3:30pm

Location: Drift Records 103 High St, Totnes TQ9 5SN

Purpose of Article: The purpose of my interview is to find out and inform the public what it takes to run a record store and give information on music streaming and it’s effect on old-fashioned vinyl records.

Locations, times and Dates: 

  • I will be conducting my interview on the shop floor of Drift Records in Totnes. I chose this location because I feel like the atmosphere is extremely fitting for the subject of my interview. I also wanted to make sure that my interviewee felt comfortable throughout the interview, and his shop was obviously the correct location for that.
  • I will be doing my interview on Saturday May 13th at Drift Records in Totnes. Since my interviewee was only available on Saturdays after 3pm, i made sure that I went only after this time. this was not only convenient for Rupert (my interviewee) but also for me, as I was working other days of the week so I happened to only be free on Saturday.

Production Schedule: 

Screen Shot 2017-06-26 at 12.07.48

Contact list: 

Rupert Matthews, Drift Records, Totnes

Email: infothedriftrecordshop.com

Tracey turner, Tutor, South Devon College

Email: Tracey.Turner@southdevon.ac.uk

 

Interview Script:

  • What made you decide to start Drift Records?
  • Drift has many positive reviews and has even won some awards. What do you think it is about your store that’s different to others, and means that people enjoy coming here as much as they do?
  • How has business been for you in the past year, and how would you rate the scene for independent record stores in the UK right now?
  • What’s it like to run an independent record store? What’s so special to you about it?
  • How do you feel about music streaming services such as Spotify?
  • What makes you optimistic for the future and what do you wish you could change about the music industry?
  • As well as running Drift, you also have your own newspaper ‘Deluxe’ and started your own music and arts festival ‘Sea Change’ last year. how did these come about?
  • How do you feel whenever stores close down? Does it affect you at all?
  • Have you found that the digital downloading scene has impacted your sales in any way? Do you find that people buy less CDs now because they can download them for less or do you think that illegal downloads are more of the culprit?
  • With the increase of digital downloads, low prices in mega-chains and so many online specialist stores; what do you think is the job of the local indie shop now, compared to in the 1990s?
  • If you weren’t in the music business, what do you think you’d be doing?

Clearance/Permission to interview:

i will not have to worry about copyright issues as the interview and answers will all be original content.

Equipment List: 

  • Dictaphone
  • Notepad
  • Pen
  • Camera/Phone
  • Adobe InDesign

 

Treatment: 

The purpose of my interview was to find out what it’s like to run an independent record store and to also see if the digital downloading scene is affecting indie record stores at all. My article is for NME magazine so the target audience is 16-25 year olds (see below NME profile which shows mainly males aged average 24) and older who like to read about music. The target audience will also be Totnes locals and people aged 45 and up who used to buy vinyl in their younger days.

nme-reader-profile-1-728.jpg

I believe that my location for the interview was extremely appropriate-i conducted the interview in Drift Records, at the coffee corner on the shop floor, as we were talking about their store. The shop was also very quite as I went after peak hours, so there were no disturbances during my interview.  I will be recording my interview on a dictaphone, which will be placed on the table we are sat at, so that i can get the best audio quality possible.

Introduction:

Today I will be speaking to a friendly local music shop, Drift records, who have been in business since 1990. Many of the locals find this a home from home because of their open and welcoming atmosphere. i spoke with Rupert, to get the low-down on music, culture and what it takes to run a record store.

Technical Considerations:

To make sure that my project runs smoothly, I will need a dictaphone to record my interview and also use my mobile phone as a backup device incase my dictaphone battery dies. I will need to back up my work as the project unfolds like uploading work to wordpress or saving work on a separate memory stick so that I don’t lose any valuable research or images.

Graphic Narrative Evaluation

Screen Shot 2017-06-26 at 14.26.40.pngMy graphic narrative was taken from an already existing idea. ‘Spot the ‘Dog’ was the main character of my narrative, and the story is about all of the different things Spot does in a day at school. If printed out in paper format, the narrative would be a flap book, and under each flap, the reader would see Spot and his friends doing a different activity during their school day.

Art and Image Construction: the images in my book ‘Spot goes to school’ are all hand drawn are are very similar to the original Spot the dog drawings. They are cartoons of animals(a god, a hippo, a monkey, a bear and a crocodile), that have been scanned into photoshop, and then carefully coloured in and outlined to make the images really stand out. I used cartoon images as not only do I find them easier to draw, but also because I feel like my target audience (2-4 year olds) would engage a lot easier with cartoons than realistic images. The text in my book is also ‘cartoon’ style to keep with the overall theme of the work.

Inspiration and Culture: Spot the dog was originally created by Eric Hill and was first published in 1980. I took inspiration from his drawings, but have changed positions and features of the characters so that the artwork isn’t exactly the same. Although Spot Goes to School has already been made into a book, I changed the idea slightly to make it my own, as I turned my design into a flap book, as I feel liek children would really engage with this concept and find it very interesting.

Production Process: Although my final outcome looks like it was fairly simple to create, the process was actually very long winded. Since I am not the best at drawing anyway, it took me quite a while to get my drawings to look exactly the way that I wanted. Once I had achieeved this, I then had to refresh my memory on how to use Photoshop which is a very complex process. I believe that my graphic narrative took me roughly 3 weeks to complete, including re-learning how to use photoshop and finding the correct colour pallettes that I wanted to use etc.

Critisism: Although most of my drawings turned out the way I wanted, there are a couple that look slightly messy. This is due to me not being able to create outlines on photoshop to a good enough standard. This meant that although my drawings look okay, if you look close enough you can see wonky outlines and small gaps of colour missing in some of the drawings. I also feel like I could’ve thought of an original idea if I didn’t rush into this concept, but I did change the idea so it is my own.

Storyline: Spot the Dog Goes To School: The storyline is about Spot the Dog and his day at school with his friends. The book follows Spot through his day at school, taking part in different activities. You see Spot playing with his friends in the playhouse, playing football with Tom the crocodile etc.  The idea was going to be a flap book, but I didn’t actually have to print the pictures out.

Strengths: I think that for my first ever attempt at drawing images then scanning them into photoshop to colour, I didn’t do too bad. As I stated before, there are a few dodgy outlines, but I think that the final product is of quite a high standard. I believed that the use of pastel colour pallettes in my graphic narrative ties in nicely with my audience and the idea for my book.

Individual Page Analysis:

front cover

spot walking

This is the first page of my graphic narrative. As you can see, the outline is a bit wonky and faded in some places, but there is nothing that is too noticable.

spot and tom CORRECT COLOUR 2

I feel that this page turned out the best from all of the pages that I created. The colours are strong and the outlines are need. I think that these were the best sketches that I drew too.

spot and his teacher FINISHED

I’m not too happy with this page, as I think that the detail looks very messy. The outlines are faded and all over the place, and are even missing in certain spots.

These two drawings are what the page would look like before (left) and after (right) the flap was lifted. Again, I fee like the outlines are quite messy still, but I like the colour pallette I used on these two pages in particular, as they are soft colours and I feel like people tend to associate these colours with children the most.

spot in the playhouse 2

 

References: I also looked at the books ‘Thats Not My… Tiger/Kitten/Mermaid etc for reference on how I wanted my drawings to look as i liked the whole cartoon style of those books too, and felt like the structure was quite similar to Spot the Dog books, so I decided to use these books as a reference.

 

Structure: My story has a linear structure which is single strand and has a closed ending. This is because my story has one central point; which is Spot the dg throughout his school day, and as you go through the story, you see Spot taking part in different activities during his day at school.

 

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